Base molding is a kind of a molding which is very common nowadays. The basic art lies in the installation or replacement of the molding. As a matter of fact, installing or replacing of a base molding is a very easy job. The most common kind of molding among all these base molding is that which is composed of three pieces. These three pieces combine together and form a molding type that lasts longer and for a considerable time. Among these three parts of the base moldings one is part is 1x4 which is nailed to the wall. Second part is of the piece of base cap molding that is nailed to the 1x4 and third one is a piece of shoe molding or quarter round nailed to the 1x4. However the base molding application methods vary along with the eras. For instance in older homes the molding size may have a 1x6 or 1x8 nailed to the wall. The 1x4 size is quite pretty standard nowadays.
Other types of base moldings are that which looks to be a 1x6 size structure. In this type the structure has been milled to resemble two pieces of the three piece molding. This kind of molding is easier to install but there is a drawback associated with it and that is it lacks the distinct shadow lines of typical three piece molding. It is also possible to use the same type of molding, in the same way as it exists elsewhere in the home. This will ultimately create such a look of your base molding that it is made as consistent as possible. First of all the basic requirement is that you have to examine the whole area that you want finish by application of the base moldings. The process of applying moldings depends on whether you have inside or outside joints to apply. This determines the procedure about dealing with the whole layout of the base molding. In general, the procedure is followed in such a way that 1x4 molding is installed first, and then cap molding. Finally last layer of molding which is installed is the shoe or quarter round.
When marking the boards, there are certain techniques to be followed. Furthermore there are many other options as well. Other than simple base molding, it is also possible to apply the cove base molding or wood molding. For doing this certain steps are needed to be followed. First of all mark on the side that is towards the wall. Similarly for inside corners it is possible to use the butt joints if you like but that is not a compulsion. I addition to this there is also a mitering needed to be applied on the outside corners. This mitering can be done at angle of value 45 degrees.
It is better to take the help of a professional before you start installing the base molding by yourself. Another very important pre-requisite is to prime the trim before installing it. It is strongly suggested to make sure that you use an appropriate primer for the type of paint that you are going to use. One must not skip this step as it is very important to make the procedure of base molding a success. If there are knots or sap pockets present in the 1x4's, then these will be able to work their way through the paint if you do not prime them. After drying of the primer, it is possible to secure the trim on the wall. This makes the base molding application easy to achieve.